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  • Can Probiotics Help Hay Fever and Other Allergic Conditions?

    Airborne allergens, such as pollen, dander and dust mites, affect a large number of people and can lead to hay fever symptoms. These symptoms can be uncomfortable and distressing and for those of us looking for natural alternatives to medication, probiotics might form part of the solution.

    There is increasing evidence that these friendly bacteria (probiotics) may help in preventing and alleviating allergic conditions. Whilst some foods, such as live yoghurt, kefir and sauerkraut contain high levels of friendly gut bacteria, these foods do not appear in abundance in today’s diet and taking probiotics in supplement form may be the best option for achieving the required balance of bacteria in our gut.

    probiotics-and-hay-fever

    View Our Probiotic Range

    - Contains extensively studied Lab4 probiotic consortium
    - Successful results in clinical trials on allergies
    - A range of different products for different requirements

    Find out more...

    How Can Probiotics Help Hay Fever?

    Friendly bacteria can help to modify the balance of bacteria in the gut and help to boost the immune system. They can also help by increasing the levels of an antibody (secretory IgA), which lines the respiratory and gastro-intestinal tracts and helps to reduce the effect of allergens.

    Much of the research relating to probiotics and the prevention and reduction of symptoms of allergy has been done with children. The Lab4 group of probiotics found in the ProVen Probiotics products has been shown to help in the prevention of allergy, when given to babies during the last trimester of pregnancy and the first six months of infancy. In a study involving 454 mother-baby pairs, the babies who received the Lab4 friendly bacteria were 50% less likely to develop allergies by two year of age than the babies who did not receive the probiotics [1].

    References

    1. [1] Allen SJ et al 2014. Probiotics in the prevention of eczema: a randomised controlled trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood 99(11): 1014–1019

     

    If you are taking any prescribed medication or have any medical conditions ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist BEFORE taking vitamins or supplements. Food supplements must not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. If pregnant or lactating, ALWAYS consult your doctor before use. Or if you have any queries about any supplement ALWAYS consult a QUALIFIED medical professional.

     

    Please click here to read our legal disclaimer on all products and advice.

  • CBD Oil - What's The Big Deal?

    What Is CBD Oil?

    CBD oil seems to be the ‘buzz’ at the moment, everyone seems to be trying it! With so many suggested benefits which you can find on the internet, I can see why.

    CBD stands for Cannabidiol, and the oil is usually made up from hemp seeds and hemp extract. The hemp seed oil comes from the pressing of the seeds of the plant as the name would suggest, and the extract comes from the leaves and stalks of the plant itself.

    cbd oil

    CBD Oil - Now £15.95 Instead of £19.95

    - High quality approved CBD Oil
    - THC Free
    - 5% CBD Oil
    - Suitable for vegetarians and vegans

    Find out more...

    Where Does CBD Come From?

    Cannabidiol (CBD) is extracted from the cannabis plant, specifically the hemp strain. With no psychoactive or addictive effects, it is perfectly legal and safe to take. It is believed CBD oil acts on the endocannabinoid system in our bodies, and much of the current buzz surrounding scientific research on CBD focuses on the benefits this non-intoxicating compound can have on our wellbeing.

    You may have read that CBD’s status as a food supplement has changed, however, CBD oil is still legal and safe to consume.

    It is important when choosing which CBD oil to purchase, that you buy one which comes from EU approved supply, and that it complies with the European standards for THC content, pesticide use, and Heavy metals.

    What's The Best Way to Take CBD Oil?

    The great thing about CBD oil is that is it suitable for vegetarians and vegans as it comes directly from the plant.

    This ensures that the oil is absorbed quickly and effectively into your bloodstream maximising the benefits. If you are new to CBD Oil, it is advisable to start with a low dose and to build up your intake gradually over a few weeks, until you find the dosage that best suits your needs. For best results CBD Oil is taken sublingually (under your tongue).

    cbd oil

    What Are the Benefits Of CBD Oil?

    We have recently been hearing feedback from lots of different people who have tried CBD oil for reasons such as pain relief, in muscle recovery to helping with their anxiety.

    Studies have shown that CBD may help reduce chronic pain by impacting endocannabinoid receptor activity, reducing inflammation and interacting with neurotransmitters .

    For example, one study in rats found that CBD injections reduced pain response to surgical incision, while another rat study found that oral CBD treatment significantly reduced sciatic nerve pain and inflammation.*(References below)

    We all react differently to nutritional supplements. If you are new to CBD, it’s important to start low and slow with your dosage and build it up slowly over time if needed. If you’re taking any prescribed medication, as with any nutritional supplement please consult your doctor before use.

    Our CBD Oil

    Aliment CBD Oil is “Grown from Certified EU seeds, according to regulation (EC) no 112212009 with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) no 393/2013, Council directive 20021571EC and Article 39 (1) of regulation (EC) no 7312009”.

    The Aliment/PRP oil is certified by a Eurpean ISO laboratory. It is confirmed to have non-detectable levels of total THC; approved for pesticides and contaminants in accordance to the council regulation (EC) No396/2005 and No 839/2008, (EC) No 1881/2006 and (EU) 165/2010; and conforms to the heavy metal regulation in accordance to Council regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 (EC) No 835/2011.

    We are fortunate to operate in a heavily regulated industry with no room for misleading promises. As a responsible company we cannot make health claims for CBD oil. However, we do encourage you to research this ingredient for yourself, with plenty of resources online explaining CBD’s huge popularity.

    References

    Front Pharmacol. 2017; 8: 391.

    Published online 2017 Jun 21. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2017.00391

    Cannabidiol Is a Potential Therapeutic for the Affective-Motivational Dimension of Incision Pain in Rats

    Karina Genaro,1,2,* Débora Fabris,1,2 Ana L. F. Arantes,1,2 Antônio W. Zuardi,1,3 José A. S. Crippa,1,3 and Wiliam A. Prado2,4

    Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Feb 5;556(1-3):75-83. Epub 2006 Nov 10.

    The non-psychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an orally effective therapeutic agent in rat chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain.

    Costa B1, Trovato AE, Comelli F, Giagnoni G, Colleoni M.


     

    If you are taking any prescribed medication or have any medical conditions ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist BEFORE taking vitamins or supplements. Food supplements must not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. If pregnant or lactating, ALWAYS consult your doctor before use. Or if you have any queries about any supplement ALWAYS consult a QUALIFIED medical professional.

     

    Please click here to read our legal disclaimer on all products and advice.

  • Is Baby Brain Real? This Is Why Fish Oil Is Important During Pregnancy

    “The brain size of women with insufficient DHA actually shrinks in pregnancy because the foetus will rob their brain to build its own.”

    ‘Baby Brain Is Real’!

    Many of us have heard about baby brain, and some have experienced it! But why and how does it happen?

    When a baby is born, it has a much larger head compared to body. In fact the brain to body ratio in a human is a couple of hundred times greater than some large mammals.

    The most important brain building nutrient for the developing brain is DHA. A baby's brain is made up of 11% DHA. DHA is fundamental for the structure and function of the brain and eyes, making up 97% of the omega 3’s in the brain.

    It is now recognised that if the pregnant mum does not have enough EPA/DHA, then the brain size of the mum will actually shrink during pregnancy because the foetus will take what it needs to develop and nourish its own. This means that this could be the reason that women often report feeling forgetful (baby brain).

    The general consensus therefore is that fish oil is extremely important in pregnancy, not just for the developing baby, but also for the mum.

    baby brain

    Omega 3 Plus Finest Pure Fish Oil Capsules

    - DHA 187.5mg and EPA 262mg per capsule
    - Fish gelatin capsule shell (no beef)
    - 120 capsules per pot
    - High quality micro distilled fish oil
    - Omega 3 Fish Oil with sweet orange oil

    Find out more...

    However, the method of getting enough high quality fish oil is also important. Most pregnant women are generally advised to eat 2 portions of oil fish per week during pregnancy. This may be difficult for so many reasons, and there is also the concern of the source of the fish being eaten. Where was it caught? Is it wild or farmed? Has it been screened for heavy metals?

    Another consideration is the type of fish the EPA/DHA is coming from. For example, you may typically eat tuna as one of your portions of oil fish per week. Tuna could on average have 10 times the amount of heavy metals than smaller fish such as sardines and mackerel and even Salmon. Whereas a good quality supplement would get its oil from sardine and anchovy, which typically contain much lower levels of contaminants.

    So whereas these factors would be important for anybody eating fish, whilst being pregnant, this may make these factors even more crucial.

    Good quality fish oil supplements (NOT Cod Liver Oil) will not only provide good levels of DHA/EPA, but they will also provide the re-assurance that they have been tested to ensure the absence of heavy metals such as Mercury, and other contaminants.

    So doesn’t it make sense to take a high quality fish oil supplement so you know exactly what you are putting into your body, from a nutrient level point of view, and also from a purity point of view.

    An ideal level of DHA during pregnancy is 250-300mg per day

  • Spring Marathon or Triathlon? Avoid Gut Issues During Race Day

    During endurance races like marathon running and long-distance triathlon, up to 90% of those taking part have reported gut issues during a race such as heartburn, nausea, bloating, abdominal cramps, vomiting, flatulence, the increased urge to defecate, and diarrhea [1]. While these symptoms can be mild (we have all ran behind someone with a bit of gas), they can also be detrimental to performance, and even force us to drop out of the race. There are many reasons why we experience these symptoms during endurance exercise including changes in blood flow as we redirect blood that usually goes to our gut towards our working muscles, hormonal alterations, neural effects, and the mechanical movement of exercise. However, there are things we can do to reduce the likelihood of suffering from gut problems on race day.

     

    Practice Your Race Nutrition

    When it comes to racing, may people load up on carbohydrates the day before, and then take on drinks, gels and all sorts of other foods to try to fuel their efforts. However, if you have not practiced this in training, it could spell disaster. Consuming more fluid or carbohydrates than you are used to, or that you can tolerate, can lead to bloating, cramps, nausea, as it cannot be emptied from our stomachs and then absorbed from our intestines quickly enough. On your longest runs, practice matching your planned fuelling strategy exactly. It’s not enough to sip on a sports drink or taking the odd gel in training if you are then planning on taking on board much larger amounts on race day. If you are planning on 2 gels an hour, for example, then build in training sessions where you go through the exact strategy. Use the same brands as you are going to use on race day as well. If there are only a couple weeks left until your race, all is not lost. A study from Australia has shown that runners reduced their gut symptoms during a 2 hour run after 2 weeks of ‘gut training’ by consuming carbohydrates during their training runs [2]. This lead to reductions in carbohydrate malabsorption and gut symptoms, and improvements in performance.

    Intensive training Probiotic

    Shown in Clinical Trials To Help Relieve GI Symptoms During Exercise

    – Formulated for performance
    – Used in two clinical trials with endurance athletes
    – 25 Billion viable cells per capsule
    – Helps aid digestion during intense exercise
    – Contains extensively studied Lab4 consortium. Also contains L-Glutamine, N-Acetyl Glucosamine and ElavTP

    Find out more…

    Take a bath

    It has been shown in a number of studies that greater increases in our body’s core temperature appears to lead to great gut damage and symptoms. Cooling strategies during the race such as cold drinks, water sprays, and finding shade can all help slow down the rise in core temperature. Another successful method to help is to acclimate to the heat before you even toe the start line. For those of us who maybe don’t have the time or money to head out on a warm weather training camp like the elites, there is a simpler and much more economical way to do this – taking a bath. It has been shown that taking a 40 min hot bath (40C) submerged to the neck for 6 consecutive days has a large effect on acclimating athletes to exercise in the heat [3].

    Pre-race feeding

    What you eat the day before the race can have a big impact on your chances of experiencing gut symptoms. Like what you eat during the race, you should practice your pre-race day fuelling strategy in training. The day before a long training effort, practice eating the same breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks that you plan to eat the day before a race.

    In general it has been found that, before competition, consuming high amounts of fat, fibre, red meat or non-digestible, fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) have all been linked to gut symptoms of some sort [1, 4]. While removing all of these from your diet is obviously not advisable during everyday life – most of them are essential for our overall health – some athletes have looked to used reduced fibre diets with high glycaemic carbohydrates (e.g. white rice) and lean, easier to digest meats (e.g. chicken) in the day before a major competition.

    nutrition health performance summit

    See Dr. Jamie Pugh Speak at Nutrition, Health & Performance Summit 2019

    – Some of the most renowned practitioners, researchers and speakers in the world of sports performance and nutrition
    – Experienced speakers from different backgrounds that have worked with professional teams and athletes
    – Learn how to research is translated into practice at the highest level

    Find out more...

    Medication

    Think long and hard before taking unnecessary medications before a race. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can worsen the damage caused to our digestive tract during exercise [5]. Marathon runners report more gut symptoms after taking ibuprofen and aspirin, and show greater markers of gut damage [6].

    Probiotics

    Lab4 probiotics are the first to show potential benefits to endurance athletes during exercise. To date, Lab4 probiotics have been shown to reduce gut symptoms during training in triathletes [7], and during a marathon race in runners. When athletes have consumed Lab4 probiotics, they have reported fewer and less severe gut symptoms than those taking a placebo. This is perhaps not surprising given the probiotics have been shown to be beneficial to individuals suffering from irritable bowel syndrome, who often share similar symptoms to endurance athletes.

    References

    1. de Oliveira, E.P., R.C. Burini, and A. Jeukendrup, Gastrointestinal complaints during exercise: prevalence, etiology, and nutritional recommendations. Sports Medicine, 2014. 44(1): p. 79-85.
    2. Costa, R.J.S., et al., Gut-training: the impact of two weeks repetitive gut-challenge during exercise on gastrointestinal status, glucose availability, fuel kinetics, and running performance. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 2017. 42(5): p. 547-557.
    3. Zurawlew, M.J., et al., Post-exercise hot water immersion induces heat acclimation and improves endurance exercise performance in the heat. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2016. 26(7): p. 745-54.
    4. Lis, D., et al., Case Study: Utilizing a Low FODMAP Diet to Combat Exercise-Induced Gastrointestinal Symptoms. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2016. 26(5): p. 481-487.
    5. Playford, R.J., et al., Co-administration of the health food supplement, bovine colostrum, reduces the acute non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced increase in intestinal permeability. Clin Sci (Lond), 2001. 100(6): p. 627-33.
    6. Smetanka, R.D., et al., Intestinal permeability in runners in the 1996 Chicago marathon. Int J Sport Nutr, 1999. 9(4): p. 426-33.
    7. Roberts, J.D., et al., An Exploratory Investigation of Endotoxin Levels in Novice Long Distance Triathletes, and the Effects of a Multi-Strain Probiotic/Prebiotic, Antioxidant Intervention. Nutrients, 2016. 8(11).

     

    If you are taking any prescribed medication or have any medical conditions ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist BEFORE taking vitamins or supplements. Food supplements must not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. If pregnant or lactating, ALWAYS consult your doctor before use. Or if you have any queries about any supplement ALWAYS consult a QUALIFIED medical professional.

     

    Please click here to read our legal disclaimer on all products and advice.

  • GI (Gastrointestinal) Symptoms During Exercise

    Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are generally thought of as heartburn, nausea, bloating, abdominal cramps, vomiting, flatulence, the increased urge to defecate, and diarrhea. This wide range of symptoms each have their own and overlapping causes and so it is difficult to identify a single factor. Changes in blood flow, hormonal alterations, neural effects, psychological stress, mechanical movement during exercise, dehydration, our diets - even altitude, medications, and the climate can all have effects on our digestive tract and be a potential cause of gut symptoms.

    When it comes to gut symptoms during exercise, endurance athletes typically report more gut symptoms than athletes from other sports – especially long distance runners. Up to 90% of ultramarathon runners report gut symptoms during racing, and describe symptoms as a leading cause of under-performing [1]. Across sports, while athletes tend not to report this same high frequency of symptoms, there is still a significant number that reports symptoms severe enough that they affect an athlete’s quality of life [2]. But what are some of the common factors that could lead to some of these symptoms?

    Intensive training Probiotic

    Shown in Clinical Trials To Help Relieve GI Symptoms During Exercise

    – Formulated for performance
    – Used in two clinical trials with endurance athletes
    – 25 Billion viable cells per capsule
    – Helps aid digestion during intense exercise
    – Contains extensively studied Lab4 consortium. Also contains L-Glutamine, N-Acetyl Glucosamine and ElavTP

    Find out more...

    Diet

    In general it has been found that, before competition, consuming high amounts of fat, fibre, red meat or non-digestible, fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) have all been linked to gut symptoms of some sort [3, 4]. While removing all of these from your diet is obviously not advisable during everyday life – most of them are essential for our overall health – some athletes have looked to used reduced fibre diets with high glycaemic carbohydrates (e.g. white rice) and lean, easier to digest meats (e.g. chicken) in the day before a major competition.

    Stress

    In the general public, persistent GI symptoms are associated with psychological traits such as stress and anxiety [5, 6]. In a group of triathletes, GI symptoms were perceived to be worse when psychological stress was present [7]. Athletes have also reported GI symptoms directly before competition, believed to be from psychological stress [8]. . It is also believed that psychological stress can result in changes in intestinal permeability, more commonly known as ‘leaky gut’ [9].

    Excess or Unaccustomed Carbohydrate and Fluid

    Eating or drinking large amounts of carbohydrates as either gels or drinks during endurance races is a common practice by both elite and non-elite athletes. However, taking on large amounts of these, having never done so before, can spell disaster. Our guts will have not been trained to empty these from our stomachs, and absorb them from our small intestine quickly enough. This can lead to them being malabsorbed – and the reason why many endurance athletes report gut symptoms during the later stages of a race. If you plan to take on any fuel during exercise, you need to train your guts and practice it in training. Start with small amounts, eventually building up until you are mimicking the exact same fuelling strategy you want to use during competition.

    nutrition health performance summit

    Nutrition, Health & Performance Summit

    - Some of the most renowned practitioners, researchers and speakers in the world of sports performance and nutrition
    - Experienced speakers from different backgrounds that have worked with professional teams and athletes
    - Learn how to research is translated into practice at the highest level

    Find out more...

    Dehydration

    Exercise, particularly in the heat ( when athletes report more gut symptoms, can lead to dehydration because of sweat loses. Dehydration has been shown to be another factor to affect GI symptoms [10-12]. This may be due to the increase in gut damage that occurs during exercise when individuals restrict their fluid intake [11].

    Medication

    Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can change our gut permeability [13]. This may be the reason why marathon runners report more gut symptoms after taking ibuprofen and aspirin [14]. Additionally, one of the common side effects of anti-biotics is diarrhea.

     

    You can head over to the Sigma Nutrition Website to hear Dr. Jamie Pugh talk about this on a Podcast

    References

    1. Hoffman, M.D. and K. Fogard, Factors related to successful completion of a 161-km ultramarathon. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2011. 6(1): p. 25-37.
    2. Pugh, J.N., et al., Gastrointestinal symptoms in elite athletes: time to recognise the problem? Br J Sports Med, 2018. 52(8): p. 487-488.
    3. de Oliveira, E.P., R.C. Burini, and A. Jeukendrup, Gastrointestinal complaints during exercise: prevalence, etiology, and nutritional recommendations. Sports Medicine, 2014. 44(1): p. 79-85.
    4. Lis, D., et al., Case Study: Utilizing a Low FODMAP Diet to Combat Exercise-Induced Gastrointestinal Symptoms. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2016. 26(5): p. 481-487.
    5. Hauser, G., S. Pletikosic, and M. Tkalcic, Cognitive behavioral approach to understanding irritable bowel syndrome. World J Gastroenterol, 2014. 20(22): p. 6744-58.
    6. Koloski, N.A., N.J. Talley, and P.M. Boyce, The impact of functional gastrointestinal disorders on quality of life. Am J Gastroenterol, 2000. 95(1): p. 67-71.
    7. Sullivan, S.N., Exercise-associated symptoms in triathletes. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1987. 15(9): p. 105-108.
    8. Worobetz, L.J. and D.F. Gerrard, Gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise in Enduro athletes: prevalence and speculations on the aetiology. N Z Med J, 1985. 98(784): p. 644-6.
    9. Mayer, E.A., Gut feelings: the emerging biology of gut-brain communication. Nat Rev Neurosci, 2011. 12(8): p. 453-66.
    10. Glace, B., C. Murphy, and M. McHugh, Food and fluid intake and disturbances in gastrointestinal and mental function during an ultramarathon. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, 2002. 12(4): p. 414-27.
    11. Lambert, G., et al., Fluid restriction during running increases GI permeability. International journal of sports medicine, 2008. 29(3): p. 194-198.
    12. Rehrer, N.J., et al., Fluid intake and gastrointestinal problems in runners competing in a 25-km race and a marathon. Int J Sports Med, 1989. 10 Suppl 1: p. S22-5.
    13. Playford, R.J., et al., Co-administration of the health food supplement, bovine colostrum, reduces the acute non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced increase in intestinal permeability. Clin Sci (Lond), 2001. 100(6): p. 627-33.
    14. Smetanka, R.D., et al., Intestinal permeability in runners in the 1996 Chicago marathon. Int J Sport Nutr, 1999. 9(4): p. 426-33.

     

    If you are taking any prescribed medication or have any medical conditions ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist BEFORE taking vitamins or supplements. Food supplements must not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle. If pregnant or lactating, ALWAYS consult your doctor before use. Or if you have any queries about any supplement ALWAYS consult a QUALIFIED medical professional.

     

    Please click here to read our legal disclaimer on all products and advice.

  • PhD Study Timeline - Probiotics and Performance

    Over the last two years, the LAB4 Probiotic strains have been used in two studies that have looked at their effect in endurance athletes.

    The first looked at whether probiotics could help increase the amount of carbohydrate used during exercise. Many people will take on gels and sports drinks during endurance exercise. This can accumulate in the gut and lead to gut discomfort. This study showed that in cyclists consuming a carbohydrate sports drink, probiotic supplementation increased their ability to use the carbohydrate drink.

    In the second study, recreational runners supplemented with probiotics (or placebo) for 28 days before completing a marathon race. the probiotic saw reductions in gut symptoms during the weeks leading up to the race. They also reported less severe symptoms such as bloating and the urge to go to the toilet, during the marathon itself. This, in turn, saw that, compared to placebo, the probiotic group were able to maintain their speed at the end of the race, while the placebo tended to slow down.

    Below we have put together all the research and studies that have been done on the Intensive Training Probiotic over the last 4 years. The results are pretty amazing...

    timeline_pre_loader

    November 2014 - PhD Starts

    Jamie starts PhD journey at Liverpool John Moores University, supervised by Graeme Close (performance nutritionist for England Rugby).

    March 2015 - Study: Effects of High Intensity Running and Markers of Gut Damage

    Looking at the effects of high-intensity running and markers of gut damage, compared to at rest. Results from this study showed that while high intensity running lead to increases in some of these markers, they quickly returned to baseline values and were not related to any gut symptoms such as bloating or the urge to go the the toilet.

    September 2015 - Jamie Begins Lecturing at Bolton University

    Teaching Sports Nutrition on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes.

    January 2016 - The Effect of Glutamine On Gut Damage During Running In The Heat

    Work begins on a study to investigate the effect of glutamine on gut damage during running in the heat. The results showed that consuming glutamine two hours before a one hour run in the heat reduced the amount of damage to the gastrointestinal tract. There appeared to be a dose-response effect, but doses of around 10-15 grams were still effective. This study was later published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29058112

    March 2016 - First Article Published in the United Kingdom Strength and Conditioning Association journal.

    In this article Jamie discussed the current state of information in regards to the gut in elite athletes and future directions for research.

    June 2016 - BBC’s The Truth About Healthy Eating

    BBC the truth about healthy eating

    Assisting on BBC’s The Truth About Healthy Eating, Jamie helped a small study that looked at the effects of different breakfasts. The results? Breakfasts higher in protein, and lower in sugar content lead to lower feelings of hunger and increased satiety - you were more likely to get through to lunch-time without wanting something else to eat.

    September 2016 - Collaboration with Edge Hill University

    thank you note intensive sport probiotic phd

    Working in collaboration with Edge Hill University to look at the food choices of Ultramarathon runners during a race. The results of the study are still being written up, but the general trend saw Ultra runners start by eating sweet foods but, as the race progressed, they tended to select savoury choices like pretzels and potatoes.

    February 2017 - Study: Effects of Probiotics on Exercise Metabolism

     probiotics exercise metabolism

    Work starts on study looking at the effects of probiotics on exercise metabolism. Jamie has since presented this work at two major international scientific conferences and has shown that probiotic supplementation increases your ability to use carbohydrate that you consume during exercise.

    May 2017 - Liverpool Rock'n'Roll Marathon

    Jamie taking at Liverpool Rock'n'roll marathon

    Jamie attended Liverpool Rock'n'Roll marathon to talk about how sports science can help people run a faster marathon. Discussing in race nutrition, caffeine, pacing, drafting and even shoe types.

    August 2017 - Study: Effects of Probiotic Supplementation on Gut Symptoms in Marathon Runners

    During this final PhD study, Jamie looked at the effects of probiotic supplementation on gut symptoms in marathon runners. The results have not yet been published, but those in the probiotic group suffered less severe symptoms during training and during the marathon. This also showed for the first time that probiotics could improve endurance performance as those in the probiotic group slowed down less at the end of the race, compared to the placebo group.

    December 2017 - Study: The effects of Glutamine on Markers of Gut Damage During Exercise in the Heat

    The effects of glutamine on markers of gut damage during exercise in the heat. This study showed that a single dose of around 10-15 g of glutamine, 2 hours before exercise, can reduce the measures of gut damage. While this might be higher than typical daily doses, it could be a strategy to consider for anyone participating in a big endurance event, particularly in the summer months.

    November 2018 - PhD Thesis Submitted

    The hard work is over (for now). PhD thesis submitted.
    Intensive training Probiotic

    20% Off Lab4 Intensive Training Sport Probiotic

    - Formulated for performance
    - Used in two clinical trials with endurance athletes (as shown above)
    - 25 Billion viable cells per capsule
    - Helps aid digestion during intense exercise
    - Contains extensively studied Lab4 consortium. Also contains L-Glutamine, N-Acetyl Glucosamine and ElavTP

    Find out more...

  • Lab4 Probiotic Study Timeline

    To date Lab4 Probiotics have been shown to have a range of benefits for different populations. Studies have shown benefits to; newborn babies, infants, expectant mothers, IBS sufferers, individuals who may suffer from mild anxiety, and (most recently) weekend warriors and elite athletes. Lab4 is one of the most studied probiotic products in the world. Below is a summary timeline of the main research to date. This research has been ran at some of the UK’s most prestigious universities and published in scientific, peer-reviewed journals.

    timeline_pre_loader

    2001 - The First PhD Thesis

    in collaboration with the University of Cambridge, containing research specifically relating to Lab4 Probiotics is published; Madden J A J (2001). The effects of probiotic supplementation on the response of the intestinal microflora to antibiotic therapy. The studies from this thesis would later be published in Scientific peer-review journals.

    2004 - The Cambridge Clostridium difficile Study

    Lab4 Probiotics Clostridium difficile Study

    The Cambridge Clostridium difficile Study was the first published scientific paper on the Lab4 probiotic strain. This published study showed that supplementation with Lab4 probiotics can reduce the incidence of C. difficile diarrhea in hospitalised patients - around 70% of patients taking antibiotics reported suffering with diarrhea, while only 20% did when supplementing with Lab4 at the same time.

    2005 - The Cambridge Probiotic and Antibiotic Trials

    Two more papers published showing the benefits of Lab4 for those individuals undergoing antibiotic treatment. The first showed Lab4 probiotics alongside antibiotic therapy reduced the overgrowth of undesirable and potentially harmful bacteria both during and following antibiotic therapy. The second showed that Lab4 probiotics alongside antibiotic therapy has been shown to reduce the extent of gut microbiota disruption AND to reduce the level of antibiotic resistance within the ‘re-growth’ microbiota.

    2008 - The Sheffield IBS Trial

    Lab4 Probiotics Sheffield IBS Trial

    Lab4 probiotics significantly reduced total gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g.  bloating and pain) and improved scores for satisfaction with bowel habit and quality of life in diagnosed IBS sufferers. Continued supplementation was considered necessary to sustain this improvement.

    2010 - Safety in Newborns Study

    lab4 probiotics safety in newborns

    Study confirms that the use of Lab4b probiotic is perfectly safe for mums-to-be and their healthy newborn babies. No differences were found in total adverse events either in the mums-to-be or the babies between the Lab4b probiotic group and the placebo group. Symptoms, drug usage, infant growth, method of feeding, visits to the doctor, and mothers' assessment of infant health were similar between Lab4 and placebo.

    2013 - The Cambridge IBS Study

    lab4 probiotics cambridge ibs trial

    More good news for IBS patients. The supplementation of IBS sufferers with Lab4 probiotics prior to and alongside antibiotics was shown to provide protection against overgrowth by yeasts.

    2014 - The Swansea Baby Study

    lab4 probiotics swansea baby trial

    This large randomised, double blind, placebo controlled study was designed to evaluate whether Lab4b probiotics given during infancy could prevent allergy in children. Babies given the Lab4b probiotics were 57% less likely to develop atopic eczema than those receiving the placebo. The babies given Lab4b were 44% less likely to develop allergic reaction to common allergens, including pollen, cow’s milk, egg and house dust mite.

    2014 - The Keele Study

    lab4 probiotics Keele study

    A study to examine the effects of Lab4 probiotics on general feelings of anxiety, mood and cognitive function in healthy individuals. Lab4 probiotics significantly decreased ‘trait’ anxiety levels compared to the placebo group, where the ‘trait’ anxiety levels increased over the course of the 6 weeks supplementation.

    2015 - The ProChild Study

    This study investigated the efficacy of Lab4 probiotics with vitamin C in significantly reducing the symptoms of coughs and colds in young children, who are the most susceptible age group. Results found:

    - 49% reduction in the duration of all symptoms of coughs and colds in the group taking Lab4 probiotics and Vitamin C compared to placebo
    - 33% reduction in the incidence of cough and cold symptoms in children taking the Lab4 probiotics and Vitamin C
    - 30% significant reduction in the incidence of absenteeism from school in children taking the Lab4 probiotics and Vitamin C. The number of days with absence due to coughs and colds alone were virtually halved in children taking the Lab4 probiotics and Vitamin C
    - The number of visits to the GP for any reason was reduced by 43% with the use of Lab4 probiotics and Vitamin C

    2016 - The Hertfordshire Study

    lab4 probiotics hertfordshire study

    A randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled study aimed to assess the effect of a 12-week Lab4 probiotic/prebiotic/antioxidant intervention on gut symptoms, endotoxin levels, intestinal permeability and race time in recreational athletes.
    Faster race times were observed with Lab4 probiotics compared to placebo group.
    A significantly faster time was reported for Lab4 probiotics group during the cycle stage of the triathlon.

     

    Gut symptoms (bloating, nausea, stomach/intestinal pain or discomfort, cramping, headaches, dizziness, constipation and diarrhoea) severity scores during training were significantly lower in both Lab4 probiotic groups compared to the placebo group.

    2017 - Liverpool John Moores Studies

    Studies are undertaken to assess the effects of probiotics for endurance athletes. Soon to be published data shows that Lab4 Probiotics increase cyclists ability to use carbohydrate sports drinks that they consume during exercise. In the second study, Lab4 Probiotics reduce gut symptoms in marathon runners. Marathon runners report less symptoms during training and less symptoms during a marathon race - which lead to improvements in performance. Keep an eye out for these studies to be published in full later this year.

    lab4 intensive training sport probiotic

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  • 7 Ways On How To Help Keep a Healthy Heart

  • The Italian Diet – The Next Big Diet for Weight Loss?

    Over the last few days The Italian Diet Plan has gained a lot of media attention and pushed as one of the next big things in the weight loss world. This new take on the Mediterranean diet promises weight loss while enjoying many of your favourite foods, cooked in ways that deliver on big flavours.

    What Is The Italian Diet?

    The foods that are generally included are fresh fish, lean meat, pulses, olive oil and lots of fruit and vegetables, and a little red wine. Some of the individual foods and components within the Diet which are particularly beneficial to health (for example, extra virgin olive oil), but overall it is the combination of foods which is thought to be linked to improved health. Equally, like many other popular diets, unsurprisingly, the Italian diet severely limits the consumption of energy-dense convenience foods and desserts (so no cake, ice cream or fizzy drinks).

    Carbohydrates and Wine in a Diet?!

    When most of us think of Italian meals, we think of pasta, probably eaten with a glass of red wine. While some diets exclude these foods to reduce your carbohydrate intake, or cut out alcohol, this combination has been shown to have some benefits to health. For example, pasta and wine are major sources of polyphenols – compounds that have been linked to health and longevity (and even our gut health). Observational data shows that one or two glasses of red wine a day might even reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease(1).

    One of the reasons why this diet has seen a surge at the turn of the New Year is no doubt in part to its backing from Celebrity Chef Gino D’Acampo ahead of the release of his new cook book. But is it worth all the hype?

    Italian diet wine

    What are the health Benefits Of The Italian Diet?

    The Mediterranean diet has long been touted as a healthy way of living. And there is some evidence that this may indeed be a better way of life than typical Western Diets. For example, one large review of the research has shown that strong adherence to the diet reduced the risk of overall mortality, cardiovascular diseases, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, overall cancer incidence, neurodegenerative diseases and diabetes(2). However, if your goal is purely weight loss, this diet has been shown to only be as effective as numerous other diet approaches(3) – a finding that is seen time and time again when popular diets are pitted against each other. This tends to be because adherence to the diets reduces over time as people find it difficult to continually exclude certain foods that are restricted on particular diets.

    So, what’s the bottom line? The Italian (Mediterranean) Diet could lead to health improvements if it is adhered to in the long term. However, as a weight loss strategy, it is only going to be effective if it can help to produce an energy deficit. And it has not been shown to be any more successful for this as other diet plans.

    1. Teissedre, P. L., Stockley, C., Boban, M., Ruf, J. C., Alba, M. O., Gambert, P., & Flesh, M. (2018). The effects of wine consumption on cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors: a narrative review. OENO One52(1), 67-79.
    2. Dinu, M., Pagliai, G., Casini, A., & Sofi, F. (2017). Mediterranean diet and multiple health outcomes: an umbrella review of meta-analyses of observational studies and randomised trials. European journal of clinical nutrition.
    3. Mancini, J. G., Filion, K. B., Atallah, R., & Eisenberg, M. J. (2016). Systematic review of the Mediterranean diet for long-term weight loss. The American journal of medicine, 129(4), 407-415.
  • Marathon's Gastrointestinal Symptoms And How to Avoid Them

    Gastrointestinal symptoms have long been known to be a common occurrence in endurance sports. “Runner’s trots” is something most runners will be all too familiar with, while other symptoms including bloating, nausea, stomach cramps, and vomiting are also regularly reported. Symptoms occur for a number of reasons including; the up-and-down jostling from running, a reduction in blood flow to the gut during exercise, and, during races, an increase in stress hormones that can speed up gut motility and transit.

     

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